In this world, all matter resonates at a predefined frequency which characterises the very nature of it. The properties of the matter, how will it interact with others, how will it react to stimuli, etc. everything is essentially defined by this ‘frequency’. Matter keeps on taking different forms but this frequency or energy never ceases.
Planetary positions how we know them are no exception to it, every planet has their own atmosphere, gravitational pull, climate, and other unique properties which make them stand apart from each other. For this universe to exist, it is required that all the energies exuded by all matter shall work in tandem with each other to maintain the essential balance of nature. But with planets, the mechanics tend to differ a bit as the enormous size of these bodies makes it very difficult to always exercise a sense of synergy. They are governed by certain laws of space and time allowing our very solar system to exist. Going by the Vedic Scriptures we often get to read stories of planets which are referred to in them as Deities experiencing the same sense of struggle for power, fame, emotions, etc. as we humans. Every deity has a story which chalks out the character of the planet (deity) and how are their relationships with their counterparts, what aspects of life they exercise control over, how they can be pacified etc.
Assertions are made (influenced by Stuti and Smriti based Hindu mythology scriptures) by different astrology texts on how to describe the nature of each planet and ascertain the impact on natives if these planets are found in conjunction with each other. Such calculations become even more crucial when we need to calculate certain metrics like Ishta Devata, IshtaPhala, KashtaPhal of planets, etc. as comparison of relative strength is indispensable for such conclusions.
It is to be noted that in Astrology there is so much data aggregated in the past thousands of years that there tends to rise conceptual contradictions out of perceptions of different authors & schools. Therefore, to maintain uniformity we will talk about the concepts of Graha Yudh which are accepted by the majority of astrologers, though will highlight the contradictions too.
Graha Yudha or to put it in different words “the struggle for power” is a phenomenon between planets of the Vedic Astrology concept namely Venus, Mars, Mercury, Saturn, Jupiter. Sun, Moon, Rahu & Ketu are kept out of this because of the characteristics these entities represent.
Sun is considered by many as a very powerful luminary and the ruler of the Vedic astrology system and no other planet can dare to get into a “yudh” with the Sun and therefore gets rather combusted (loses strength) when in close proximity to the Sun. The conjunction of planets with Moon is called “association” or “ Samagam” and the planet either overpower the moon or work in tandem with Moon. Rahu & Ketu are not physical entities but rather shadows and therefore are out of the scope of this discussion on planetary war, though the influence they exercise has dealt separately.
In an ideal scenario all planets are rotating and revolving in their fixed axis, speeds and declinations, so as to never come in contact with each other and affect each other’s presence but in astrology such arrangement are considered from a relative standpoint of the Earth and when any of the 5 planets tend to incline or come under 5 degrees of each other in longitude then they tend to get into a Yudha or Planetary War. The intensity of the Yudh and current state of the same gives rise to four scenarios according to Brihata Samhita:
Scenario 1: Ullekha – Planets are within 5 degrees of each other and in the same Nakshatra Pada representing the planetary rings just touching rather rubbing each other.
Scenario 2: Bedha – Planets are within 5 degrees of each other (moving in the same direction) and might or might not be in the same nakshatra pada but certainly in different rashis. The disc of one planet appears to overlap the other planet’s ring.
Scenario 3: Amsumardana – Planets are within 1 degree of each other in the same nakshatra pada. The rays/energies of involved planets tend to clash with each other.
Scenario 4: Apasavya – Planets are within 5 degrees of each other either in the same / different rahis or padas but always in opposite motion to each other. One being retrograde and the other having direct motion, these planets are distinctly separated from each other.
The significance which these scenarios hold is more in predicting large scale events like famines, droughts, cyclones, etc. than individual natal charts. Depending upon the speed of planets involved and their longitudinal degrees it can be calculated whether the Yudh has started, about to happen or already over. When two planets are in the same Rashi and if one planet has more longitude than the other slow-moving planet, then we can assume that the Yutikala (same longitude) has ended or the Grah Yudha is already over.
If the slow-moving planet has more longitudinal degrees than the fast-moving planet then we can assume that the Yutikala (same longitude) is yet to happen or the Grah Yudha is yet to take place. For this, one must understand the different planetary velocities. The Moon is the fastest of the lot. Then comes Mercury followed by Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn which is the slowest.
How to decide the victorious planet in a Grah Yudh?
The fact needs attention that the final victory of a planet is also decided based on the calculations of Shadbala in line with the Graha Yudha going deeper into which would be out of the scope of this read. There are more than 7 authoritative books/scriptures which talk in detail about the Graha Yudhas and the conclusive decisions on victory differ as per the concepts of each. It is to be noted that astrology as a science is very vast and conclusive statements can only be made with experience by an astrologer.
The following are a list of rules useful in deciding the planet victory, which should be taken into consideration with due understanding.
- Some astrologers consider grah yudh only when the planetary position is less than 1 degree with each other.
- The planet with least of the longitude is the winner in a graha yudh and the one with the highest longitude is considered defeated
- Planet which is most Northern declined is considered the winner. Declination measures north/south directions, like latitude but in a celestial plane.
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